08.30 - 09.15:
Arrival and registration, coffee and rolls
09.15 - 09.30:
Welcome, motivation for the content and purpose of the conference, practical information. Senior Advisor Ole Hansen, Department of Learning and Philosophy, Aalborg University
09.30 - 12.30: Morning program:
BENGT PERSSON, PROFESSOR OF SPECIAL PEDAGOGY BORÅS UNIVERSITY, SWEDEN
Special education in Swedish primary and lower secondary school - ideality and reality
Bengt Persson explains the progress of Swedish special education in connection with the arrival of primary school in the 1960s, the development in the following decades and describes the present. It is based on the results of some research projects led by Bengt Persson from the mid-1990s to today. The diverse function of special education in the Swedish school is treated, as is the efforts of recent years to reduce the proportion of students who receive special educational support.
PEDER HAUG, PROFESSOR OF PEDAGOGY, VOLDA COLLEGE, NORWAY
What is typical of special education in Norway?
Peder Haug focuses on the fact that the teacher competencies of those who provide special education are not optimal. Teachers' expectations and attitudes towards the students who receive special education can be a challenge. The special education can seem exclusive and the students' experience of the different conditions at the school is relatively negative. Special education has great potential for learning, but this potential is not exploited. The connection between special education and ordinary education may be weak. The quality of learning outcomes for those students who receive special needs education is highly variable, a theme in itself. Based on this, it is finally reflected on what measures can improve the situation for these students.
NIELS EGELUND PROFESSOR IN SPECIAL PEDAGOGY DPU, AARHUS UNIVERSITY, DENMARK
The change in the concept of special education in Denmark, what has it meant in practice?
Niels Egelund focuses on the efforts to create increased inclusion in Denmark. Here, the concept of special education was changed in 2012 so that it only covers support needs of more than 9 hours. Support for students with less than 9 hours is referred to as "Supplementary teaching and other professional support", and it does not require a report from the Pedagogical Psychological Counseling. The school head is solely responsible for the allocation, and parents have no means of appeal. Niels Egelund will report on a quantitative study covering 70,000 Danish students in 13 municipalities, and a qualitative study in 19 schools in 12 municipalities.
12.30 - 13.30: Breakfast
13.30 - 15.00: Afternoon program incl. little coffee break
DAVID MITCHELL, DEPUTY PROFESSOR UNIVERSITY OF CANTERBURY, NEW ZEALAND
What strategies are most useful for resolving crises in inclusive education?
All over the world, many children are failing the education system - a situation David Mitchell describes as a crisis. In most countries, these are children from homes with low socioeconomic status and children from certain ethnic minorities. In some countries, educational discrimination is linked to gender, religion or disability. To tackle this crisis, we need to develop comprehensive strategies. Responsibility for implementing such strategies lies with government, bureaucracy, school leaders and classroom teachers. During this presentation, David Mitchell will outline a selection of strategies, based on his international research reviews.
THOMAS NORDAHL PROFESSOR IN PEDAGOGICS UNIVERSITY NORWAY COLLEGE AND ADJUSTED PROFESSOR AT AALBORG UNIVERSITY
Now we have tried long enough with special education!
Thomas Nordahl has chaired a committee of experts, which has evaluated offers for children and young people in need of organized measures in kindergarten and school. The mandate has been to contribute to a high-quality educational and special education offering that helps children and young people experience increased inclusion in kindergarten and school. In this presentation, the expert committee's assessments and proposals will be presented. Most of the committee's assessments and proposals will have a clear relevance in the Danish context.
15.00 - 15.15:
Collection, goodbye, thanks and see you, Senior Advisor Ole Hansen, Department of Learning and Philosophy, Aalborg University