The research group works with the following theoretical perspectives:
Capacity Building is defined as each action that helps to improve the capacity of individuals, organizations or systems to achieve their individual goal. Source: Jensen, J. B & Krogstrup, H. K. (red.) (2018): Capacity Building in the Public Sector.
Evaluation of public policy is a systematic, retrospective evaluation of effects (outcome), performance (output) and processes (governance and content of resolution, together with the administration of public organizations) which are expected to play a role in practical situations. Source: Krogstrup, H. K. (2016): Evalueringsmodeller. Hans Reitzels Forlag.
Krogstrup unifies the two international concepts of co-creation and co-production in her theory:
In co-creation, processes build on the ideas and input of users/citizens, voluntary organizations and private organizations, and the input is used for the development of new and innovative services or products.
In co-production, citizens (and possibly civil society) are involved in planning and implementing welfare benefits. The concept focuses on the relationship between the citizen and the public employee, who must establish a reciprocal collaboration to create better welfare.
Organizational learning includes all types of continuous learning in organizations and corporations and results in the development of knowledge and the ability to stay ahead when it comes to technological and societal development.
University–industry collaboration is the inter-organizational knowledge development that occurs between universities and companies, resulting in valuable solutions, products and research results.
The OECD defines innovation as “the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organizational method in business practices, workplace organization or external relations.” Source: OECD, 2005, “The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data: Oslo Manual, Third Edition” prepared by the Working Party of National Experts on Scientific and Technology Indicators, OECD, Paris, para. 146.
Creativity is practically embedded in the capacity building and co-creation/production approach, since creativity is about “the creating” side of the human being. We use creativity in everyday situations to solve problems, think new thoughts, get new ideas and ask questions. Creativity is particularly relevant for co-creation/production and capacity building, which require the ability to imagine things in another way and to use the resulting vision to create new ways of doing things.
User involvement is based on the involvement and influence of users. Whereas formalized involvement processes tend to involve rules, written routines and procedures, user involvement, by way of contrast, is typically conditioned by participation in deciding the agenda, responsibility for facilitating, and by the need for the user to act as an equal decision maker. User involvement entails a process in which the knowledge, competences and needs of users facilitate the development of welfare benefits, products and/or political processes while influencing decision-making processes.